Chinese leader Xi Jinping and US President Barack Obama agreed to help China stop her greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 in order to combat climate change and global warming, but Republicans in the US Senate rose up against Obama’s pledge toward China quitting gas emissions at the said date.
And so in view of talks coming up in Lima, Peru next week, Chinese climate change negotiators are afraid that the US Republicans attitude could disrupt the purpose of the deal.
Xie Zhenhua, vice director of the national planning agency and the chief negotiator on climate change said that “Because of internal politics in the US the Kyoto protocol was not ratified, so we are worried that we might face the same problem in the 2015 pact.” The Lima meeting is supposed to pave a way for another meeting in Paris next year where international climate agreements will be sealed.
And Frederic Mion, who is helping organise the Paris summit states that “There is a feeling that the announcement by Xi Jinping and Mr Obama changed the picture, The Chinese are now much more willing, less obstructive than we could have believed six months ago.”
Meanwhile, since the Chinese appear to be targeting 2030 to cut carbon emissions, Mr. Xie is of the view that “In 16 years there is lot of uncertainty, and trying to pin down a very accurate time or number down to two decimal places is actually not scientific.”
The Chinese government appears careful not to ally themselves with any global climate accord for now, most especially since the former premier Wen Jiabao’s negotiations of 2009 in Copenhagen was regarded as undermining Chinese diplomacy. He couldn’t commit on behalf of a Chinese political system that was torn by strong interest groups.
Over 30 countries attended a meeting in Berlin to discuss global warming and how to help out poor countries at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and 21 out of the countries pledged to give a total of $9.3 billion to help poor island nations and impoverished African nations deal with issues of global warming.
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) is domiciled in South Korea and is a EU climatic and ecological fund put up to assist developing countries invest in clean energy and green technology. To this end, the fund will also be used to build defenses against rising seas, worsening storms, natural floods, and harsh droughts. And it will also be used to fund solar and wind farm projects in growing countries, as well as plant trees and deal with disaster-proofing infrastructure.
Analysts have stated that this pledged donation is “the largest amount the international community has ever mobilised for a dedicated climate finance mechanism,” although a few divergent views still remain that the raised amount is still low. For instance, Oxfam, an aid agency says the pledged amount is a bare minimum in comparison to the expected $10-$15, while Alison Woodhead, the agency’s executive says “financial support from developed countries should be a building block for a global climate agreement, not a stumbling block. Many developed countries have stepped up to give the Green Climate Fund a chance to get on its feet, but more is needed for it to succeed.”
United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said the pledges “demonstrate that governments increasingly understand both the benefits derived from climate action and the growing risks of delay. It also provides much needed public finance which is key to unlocking investments at a much larger scale from private sources.”
The United States pledged $3 billion; Japan $1.5 billion; Germany $1 billion; France $1 billion; Britain over $1.1 billion; Sweden $500 million; Canada $265 million; and Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, South Korea, and Switzerland made respective pledges to the Green Climate Fund.