U.K. Government rejects petition calling for second EU Referendum

The UK government issued an official response to the widely popular petition asking for a rerun of the EU referendum, where it rules out any possibility of such an event taking place in the foreseeable future.

The Prime Minister and Government have been clear that this was a once in a generation vote and, as the Prime Minister has said, the decision must be respected,” the document highlights.

On the other end, the petition’s primary argument lies on the demand that the winning side of referendums of such a nature, should accumulate a percentage larger than the standard 51% majority.

More specifically, the petition mentions in its online page, “We the undersigned call upon HM Government to implement a rule that if the remain or leave vote is less than 60% based a turnout less than 75% there should be another referendum.

In response, the government stated that the legislation which oversaw the referendum’s rules had “received overwhelming support from Parliament.“, while it further adds, “The Act did not set a threshold for the result or for minimum turnout.

The government’s official response concludes by naming the entire procedure as “one of the biggest democratic exercises in British history with over 33 million people having their say.“, while it urges the nation to “prepare for the process to exit the EU and the Government is committed to ensuring the best possible outcome for the British people in the negotiations.

When it comes to the petition’s background, its founder was revealed to be a former pro-leave activist, at the time when the ‘remain’ side was prevailing in the polls.

According to the government’s website, where the petition had been hosted, a staggering four million people signed for it, in an effort to persuade Prime Minister Cameron to announce a rerun.

Furthermore, various British news outlets’ sources suggest that thousands of the petition’s signatures are not genuine and therefore should not be considered as actual support of the movement.

It is worth adding that the leave side’s win in the referendum has provoked a storm of protest from the younger population, as it is a fact that 74% of the 18-24 age demographic had voted for Britain to remain in the European Union.

Via: Forbes

FDA mandates over 200,000 restaurants to display calorie details on food

Whether they like it or not, all movie theaters and amusement parks and convenience stores as well as restaurants with over 20 branch chains in the US will now be mandated to list out full details of calorie counts in the food they serve to customers during their normal business hours.

As part of the 2010 Affordable Care Act, the Obama administration through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will now request that all businesses that serve food and drinks to its customers display the calorie constituents of the food on its label – so long the business has up to 20 network branches or locations.

Dr. Margaret Hamburg, the commissioner for FDA states that “While no single action can fix the obesity problem, a step we’re taking today is an important one for public health.”

Some affected businesses protest their inclusion in the labeling requirement, stating that food service was only incidental to their main businesses, but Hamburg replies that “We tried to be flexible and realistic,” most especially as it relates to the inclusion of some businesses and not others.

For instance, food trucks, ice-cream trucks, and airlines that serve food on flights would not be required to display the calorie levels of their foods on labels; but takeout pizza, popcorn sold at a movie theater, hot dogs from a convenience store, and food items from salad bars will have their calorie counts displayed on their labels.

To support their plea that they should be excluded from the rule, grocery stores through the Food Marketing Institute stated that it would cost them about $1 billion to satisfy this calorie labeling injunction within the first year while they would have to be spending millions of dollars every year to do this – simply because their prepared food change very often and it is not possible to test all food items and create specialized labels.

Robert Rosado, the trade group’s director of government affairs states that “This is going to take away from anything that’s freshly made in the store because the costs involved will be so high. You’re going to lose fresh choices.”

The FDA defended its position by saying that consumers have a right to know the nutritional components of what they eat, and since one-third of Americans eat out, they must be helped to make informed choices over what they eat when they eat out.

Two new Ebola cases suspected in Mali, with 310 monitored as five die

Two new cases of Ebola have been reported in the West African country of Mali, even as the country is currently monitory some 310 people after recording the deaths of five. The latest Ebola confirmation raises fear at the vicious spread of the disease in the newly afflicted country, and it is setting the eyes of international governments toward helping out the poor country.

The Malian government has not given the name of the latest Ebola patient, but it said the victim has been isolated; and details of two other suspected patients are not supplied even as the authorities continue conducting tests on the individuals.

Although a little girl had died of Ebola in Mali after contracting it in Guinea, Mali actually recorded its first Ebola diagnosis with the infection of a hospital nurse who had treated a sick Islamic cleric from Guinea. The Imam later died after being wrongly diagnosed of kidney problems, but the nurse was already infected and later died of haemorrhagic fever. Her friend contracted the disease as well, and this has led to the possibility of onward spread of the disease within the country.

UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon has expressed worries over the mode and current chain of transmission for the epidemic, saying it is “a cause of deep concern.” The United States government has devised ways to protect its health workers from getting infected with the disease while treating Ebola patients, and it is high time African countries adopted the same measures to protect its healthcare workers who are in direct risks of contracting the disease.

The World Health Organization reports that about 5,400 deaths have been recorded in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and other countries since the outbreak of the disease earlier this year.

McKinsey Report says the cost of obesity equals combined impact of violence, war and terrorism

This might appear to many as an overstatement, but the McKinsey Global Institute maintains that the cost of obesity is now $2 trillion every year, and this estimated figure equals the cost of smoking, or the combined impact of armed violence, war, and terrorism.

The report says global economies spend as much as $2 annually to combat the effects of obesity, and they spend as much to contain the evils of smoking or execute war campaigns.

The McKinsey report states that 2.1 billion out of the 7 billion people on earth suffer from obesity, and this figure actually represents 30% of the global population. These are people who are either obese or overweight, and they run the risks of associated diseases like cardiovascular infections, diabetes, hypertension, strokes, and so on.

According to the report, about half of the world’s adult population will become overweight or obese by the year 2030 unless of course they check the trend, and this calls for quick action on the part of individuals and governments so as to cut down on associated deaths and cost of medical care.

McKinsey notes that there is no simple solution or single way to deal with the global problem of obesity or being overweight, but then a general consensus on what to do might help solve the problem. The institute affirms that the report should galvanize action in this regard, and it should be the starting point for all governments and individuals on how to deal with obesity and the associated impacts on individual lives, government medical facilities, and national or global economies.

Ebola Survivor with infected semen isolated in India

A 26-year old Indian national has been quarantined at the Delhi Airport. Health Organization after routine tests proved there are viral Ebola traces in his semen. The young man just arrived India from Liberia, where he had just been released from the hospital after a two-month Ebola treatment in the West African country.

The infected man was given a clean bill of health following his release on September 30 from a Liberian hospital, and he was issued travel documents that declared him free of any Ebola clinical symptoms. He arrived New Delhi on November 10 without showing any symptoms, but routine test by Indian health authorities on his body fluids confirmed that his semen contained the Ebola trace virus.

A statement from the Indian authorities cites, “currently, this person is not having any symptoms of the disease. However, he would be kept under isolation in the special health facility of (the) Delhi Airport Health Organization, till such time his body fluids test negative and he is found medically fit to be discharged.”

The patient happens to be the first Ebola case to be diagnosed in India, and the health minister, J.P. Nadda has called for improved surveillance at the country’s airports and seaports; and he has also held crucial talks with various government departments, urging officials to report back to him on the state of the country’s preparedness to handle any Ebola outbreak.

The ministry of health in India has urged the public to remain calm because “the situation is under control, and there is no need for any alarm. However, all precautions are being taken in this regard.”

Hemant Thacker, a consultant physician and cardio-metabolic specialist at Mumbai’s Bhatia Hospital, states that “this is like a dress-rehearsal for India, and while we are already in the mode of preparation, this case will help us galvanize into action. I believe we are theoretically prepared because we have learned the lessons from the West. That, however, doesn’t mean that our medical authorities become complacent.”

Government health officials have however warned that Ebola has no specific cure treatment at the moment, but the government is ready to provide supportive care to battle the disease. They therefore warn that although Ebola virus might have been flushed out of a patient’s blood, making blood samples test negative to the infection, a patient might still infect his partner through sexual intercourse because it takes time for the body to shed the virus through semen and urine.

Norovirus infections is not limited to cruise ships alone

Following the breaking news that 172 passengers out of the 4,100 aboard the Crown Princess cruise ship are presently sick with norovirus, the officials of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have cautioned that the norovirus disease is not limited to cruise ships alone.

This caution became crucial when Crown Princess cruise ship’s passengers developed norovirus infection, even in the light of the fact that passengers of the same cruise ship had once developed the infectious disease several months ago. The cruise ship just left San Pedro harbor in California on a one-month cruise to Hawaii and Tahiti, but some passengers started showing signs of the disease, and then quarantined for treatment aboard the ship.

According to CDC, norovirus is a highly infectious disease, and it causes inflammations of the stomach and large intestines – causing gastroenteritis. Its symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, low fever, chills, chronic headaches, muscle aches, and general fatigues.

Although symptoms disappear within three days to one week once properly treated, it can be contracted by touching sick patients, contact with bodily fluids and feces and vomit of infected persons, touching the surfaces or utensils used by infected persons. It is highly contagious and an infected person is often dehydrated – making him look so bad.

The CDC warns that it is not a virus of cruise ships, and can occur anywhere even on lands. Incidences of norovirus have however occurred more on cruise ships whilst on tourist trips, forcing most cruise ships to change itinerary or cut down trip destinations. Most ships treat their infected passengers in their cabins before docking at the nearest port for disinfection or deep cleaning service requirements.

The CDC however warns that people can prevent norovirus by not touching elevator railings or stair handrails, washing the hands constantly with antiseptic soaps and hand sanitizers, separating from infected partners, and not shaking infected persons to greet. Open surfaces might also not be touched and common cutleries and utensils for sick patients separated.

Growth of Colon Cancer Raising New Concerns

One of the deadly and dangerous cancers, the Colon cancer is rising among people and this is certainly creating a lot of concern in medical science. It is hoped that the disease will get doubled among people ageing under 34 in the coming 15 years and this is definitely a serious matter.

According to the researchers announcing on Wednesday, the reason for the disease attacking more of the young people is basically due to their changing lifestyle. The daily habits and changed lifestyle has invited the disease more to this age group in contrary to the decline of its reach amongst the age group of over 50. As stated by the researchers, this decline among the elder generation is due to tougher screening and regular colonoscopies.

Speaking about the unhealthy lifestyle of the younger generation, it is mostly the unhealthy eating and other lifestyle factors that are to be blamed. The findings of this research have been stated in the American Medical Association Surgery by the researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

As expected by the researchers, the spread of the colon cancer will be more than one in 10 colon cancers and nearly one in four rectal cancers in patients younger than 50 by the year 2030. The bad lifestyle factors like obesity, western diet, absence of and disinterest in physical activity have increased this risk.

The principal investigator George Chang said, “We’re observing the potential real impact of colorectal cancer among young people if no changes are made in public education and prevention efforts.”

The disease being the third most common cancer among men and women, has seen to attack more than 393,000 patients between 1975 and 2010.

Ebola Affected US Nurse Free From Virus Ultimately

The US nurse which got caught by the Ebola virus during her duty of caring for another Ebola attacked Dallas patient, finally won the battle with the deadly virus and have come out free from the virus.

Nina Pham, the nurse, was attacked by the Ebola disease when she had assigned to take care of a Dallas patient who eventually died of the disease. On and after being recovered from the virus of the disease and declared totally free from the Ebola grip, Nina gets a hug from the US President Barack Obama in the Oval Office at the White House. However, there were other people too who welcomed her to a new life and the open world with warm and open hugs outside the hospital including the nation’s infectious disease chief. The chief was entitled to supervise the progress of the nurse’s treatment sand her recovery from the disease.

Mentioning the meeting of the nurse and the US President, White House spokesman Josh Earnest says, it was “an opportunity for the president to thank her for her service.”

Pham, the nurse, speaking about her recovery said that she is “fortunate and blessed to be standing here today. Although I no longer have Ebola, I know it may be a while before I have my strength back.” She was being treated in the National Institutes of Health’s Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland since Oct. 16.

However, while being happy and meeting everybody outside the hospital after being discharged from it, Pham did not miss a chance to thank the health care teams in Dallas and at the NIH (National Institutes of Health).

New Study Reveals Loss of Smelling Sense as Signal of Death

This has been stated in a study that if a person has lost his sense of smelling, then probably his death is nearby! The finding of the study is shocking and surprising, but is worth a heed as well.

The study, being precise, has also mentioned it that within a term of the next five years the person suffering from loss of smelling will die. As published in the Mail Online, people who fail the five scent test are considered to be smell sense deprived and such people may die within five years. The five tests conducted for examining the smelling sense of a person include sensing the smell of fish, rose, leather, orange, and peppermint.

There are chances of a person suffer from any deadly disease like that of cancer. This is more like an “early warning that something has gone badly wrong” in case of a person with a poor sense of smell, as stated by the US researchers.

Quoting researcher Jayant Pinto of University of Chicago, the Mail Online reports, “Of all the human senses, smell is the most undervalued and under appreciated – until it’s gone.”

As a huge number of patients covering more than 3,000 men and women aged between 57 and 85 were studied under this research, the researchers could come to this conclusion that the rate or the probability of an early death is more in case of the ones with poor smell sense. At a time, when the sense of smell does not get enough of importance which it actually deserves, its absence will surely bother people now after the findings of this research.

Stop Working Late to Avoid Diabetes

As found in a study, it is said that the habit of working for longer hours than the generally scheduled ones may call the risk of diabetes. The risk is possessed by almost one-third of such people who choose to or have to work late.

It is generally the class of poor people who in order to afford their day to day or the extra needs are compelled to work till late hours or choose to do overtime at the office. The research shows that people who work for 55 hours or more a week are more prone to be affected by Type 2 Diabetes and the risk in their case is 30 percent more than the normally working people. Generally, the working hour a week is actually 35 to 40 hours only.

However, the same risk remains intact irrespective of the late working people having habits like smoking, drinking, physical activity, obesity, gender, and age. The findings of this research, as was published in the journal – The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, cannot be overlooked because the conclusions are drawn only after a study of more than 222,000 men and women. The people who participated in the conducting the research belong to countries like the US, Europe, Japan, and Australia.

In fact, adding another matter of worry to the late workers, the scientists have also said that as a result of being affected by diabetes, there are chances for them to strokes or sudden heart attacks as well.

Maureen Talbot, a senior cardiac nurse at the British Heart Foundation who co-funded the research, stating the same, said, “The study’s authors confirm more research into this finding is needed. Having diabetes increases someone’s risk of having a heart attack or stroke, so reducing that risk is essential.”

Sugar Free Sweeteners Do Not Avoid but Increases Diabetes Risk

If you believe that you are doing your best possible to stay out of diabetes and only take sugar free sweeteners for your beverages, then you are unknowingly only inviting the risk. Based on the finding of a study, it has been established that the sugar free sweeteners too can form diabetes and increase the glucose intolerance level of the body.

The artificial sweeteners are one of the sources of obesity and diabetes and according to the study; it affects bacteria in the gut to create the respective problems. The risk of diabetes through this sugar intake is so much that it can even lead to Type-2 diabetes. It is with this diabetes type that already around 2.7 million people in the UK are affected.

However, this has also been suggested through the study that intake of this artificial sugar free sweetener infrequently will not increase the risk. But taking it on regular basis and on heavy dose is a certain way to invite obesity and diabetes. Hence, people who used to rely on such sugar free sweeteners having this blind faith that they are safe to take it and will remain slim will have to start rethinking it and stop its intake, if possible.

The study was reported in the journal Nature with the lead researcher Dr Eran Elinav, of theWeizmann Institute in Rehovot, Israel, stating, “This calls for reassessment of today’s massive, unsupervised consumption of these substances.”

The research was conducted on mice which were given water sweetened by three commonly used sweeteners in similar doses as that of human. The result was that the mice developed glucose intolerance along with diabetes in blood. The composition and function of gut bacteria of the mice were affected which results into glucose intolerance and all these happened right after one week of proving the sweetened water to them.

Bra Wearing Habit Has Nothing to Do with Breast Cancer Risks

Lu Chen, MPH, a researcher in the Public Health Sciences Division at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and a doctoral student in the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Washington School of Public Health conducted a research on the relation between bra wearing habits and the increased breast cancer risks. What he found in the study is that wearing a bra has nothing to do with the increased breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women.

It has found that many women have this misconception that wearing a bra leads to breast cancer which is not right actually. The epidemiological study designed by the researcher has shown that wearing a bra cannot cause one to suffer from breast cancer. For conducting the study, the researcher and his team has arranged personal interviews with women, have collected particular information from them like information on demographics, family history, reproductive history, etc. The lifetime patterns of bra wearing have also been assessed by making questions to them.

Chen further states that they found no evidence indicating that wearing bra can increase the risk of breast cancer for a woman. Also, it does not matter as to how many hours the woman wears the bra, whether it is an underwire or strapless bra. Also, the age of starting to wear a bra too has no link to it.

This will definitely relieve women who had falsely carrying the concept of bras causing breast cancer. The findings of the study are published in the journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

The Ebola Infected British Health Worker Arrives In a Hospital in London

Infected with Ebola virus, during his service as a health worker in the Ebola infected areas, the British man has been brought to the Royal Free Hospital in London. The patient is currently kept under high-level isolation and treatment with all best efforts by the doctors to rescue him from the deadly disease.

Although the name of the patient has not been disclosed due to certain privacy matters, it has been known that he has been put in a special unit for further treatments. But it is a US scientist claiming to have worked with the British patient says that the patient’s name is William Pooley, 29, who is a volunteer nurse in the health service.

As stated by the UK Department of Health, “The patient is not currently seriously unwell.” Before admitting him into the hospital in London, he was flown out of Sierra Leone in a specially-equipped Royal Air Force plane.

Refusing to provide every minute detail about the patient and about his treatment, the authority at the Royal Free Hospital, said that it will only provide an update about the patient if there is a significant change in his condition. This hospital is the only in the UK with high-level isolation unit that can be used for the treatment of infectious diseases.

As Ebola is a highly contagious disease, keeping the virus infected patient within strict isolation and away from other people or animals is mandatory. At present there are at least 2,473 people are infected with Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. But now, chances are that Ebola may exceed the geographical boundaries to reach other countries. Recently, the Democratic Republic of Congo has seen a confirmed case of Ebola outbreak in its northern Equator Province, where two out of eight cases are found positive. So, at this point, this has been a global alert issue now.

Woman Should Not Eat Tuna during Pregnancy

As stated by the Consumer Reports on Thursday and proposed by the Environmental Protection Agency and Food and Drug Administration, pregnant women should not take tuna fish in their foods as the fish contains mercury in high level. Fish, generally is good for health for containing omega-3 fatty acid and lean protein but the ones with higher mercury level are harmful.

Women who are pregnant, breast feeding or the ones trying to be pregnant should not take mercury in high level as it can damage a fetus. They can, however, take other types of fish, but that should not exceed more than 12 ounces a week. According to the FDA list stating the amount of mercury found in fishes, almost all types of tuna use to have a relatively high amount of mercury and sometimes they may even be higher than what is mentioned in the list. This is because 20 percent of the light, canned tuna which were tested in 2005 contains almost twice the mercury level as is stated in the FDA list. According to FDA, tuna use to have a type of mercury called methylmercury, which is a product of industrial pollution.

Jean Halloran, the director of food policy initiatives for Consumers Union, the advocacy arm of Consumer Reports said, “We encourage pregnant women to avoid all tuna.”

But going contrary to what is being proposed by the Consumer Reports, the National Fisheries Institute said that the former “has a long history of intentionally mischaracterizing tuna.” They further say that there are hundreds of independent seafood studies which “clearly demonstrate the net benefit gained from eating seafood, like tuna.”

An adjunct professor at the Harvard School of Public Health also goes against eating tuna in pregnancy as on consuming it, the mother’s fetus could be within hours and do permanent damage.

Liberian doctors to receive untested zMapp Drug for Ebola: Spanish priest dies

Ebola treatment is the biggest challenge for doctors around the world. The experimental Ebola treatment (zMapp Drug) will be sent to Liberia for the treatment of two of the infected African patients.

Two Americans along with one Spanish priest were given the medicine. It prompted anger because the infected people belonging to the western countries are only getting medicine, but not from the African countries. The 75-year-old Spanish priest became the first European to die of Ebola infection, irrespective of the drug.

Marcel Guilavogui, a pharmacist in Conakry, Guinea commented, “There’s no reason to try this medicine on sick white people and to ignore Blacks.” Further, he added, “We understand that it’s a drug that’s being tested for the first time and could have negative side effects but we have to try it in blacks too.”

ZMapp drug is believed to prove beneficial to deal with Ebola. After so many searches still the exact cure from problem has not been discovered, but it has killed around 1000 people in West Africa. An approved experimental drug from the US is available in a very small quantity.
Ebola starts with symptoms similar to flu along with diarrhea, vomiting, external, and internal bleeding. It causes death.

The amount of zMapp given to Liberia is still not disclosed, but the American manufacturer Mapp Biopharmaceutical told that as the demand of medicine is high and manufacturing of same is low, so amount is less. To produce required amount of such medicines company needed months of time. Serum believed to treat Ebola has not been tested over humans to check efficiency and safety.

Liberia to cremate dead Ebola victims

In a new twist of events, the Liberian government has ordered that all Ebola-related dead victims be cremated henceforth to further curb any chances of the virus spreading in residential areas. This new government directive was issued during the weekend when crisis nearly broke out between residents over the burial place of 20 latest Ebola victims in Monrovia, and riot policemen had to be called in before the burials were allowed to take place.

In a related development, an American nurse who came down with the Ebola virus is scheduled to leave Liberia on Tuesday, while another that is currently being treated in an American hospital has been given experimental serum and facing crucial days over his fate. Several doctors and health workers have died trying to treat other patients, and this is largely because touching an Ebola patient or handling his dead body for burial increases the chances of contracting the fatal disease; hence the decision of the Liberian authorities to cremate all Ebola victims as a way of containing its spread in Africa.

It will be recalled that over 729 patients had so far lost their lives to the Ebola virus in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea this year alone, and a few reported cases have been heard of in neighboring West African countries. This has prompted many countries like Nigeria and Cameroon among others to suspend air-flights and the air-transportation of dead bodies into the country pending the time that the virus will become a thing of the past.

Leading Ebola virus doctor dies of disease in Sierra Leone

The death has been announced of Dr. Sheik Umar Khan, a leading Sierra Leonean doctor who had giving up everything to fight the scourge of the terrible disease in West Africa. Dr. Khan is reportedly the latest victim of the deadly disease which is reported to kill within a week of contracting it and has a fatality rate of 60%-90%. The celebrated doctor died after contracting the disease himself and he passed on within a few days.

Before his death, the courageous doctor had stayed put to treat other victims and remained at his duty post even when three nurses working with him died of the Ebola disease earlier this month. Several doctors working with him had also died, but the brave doctor stayed put to see to the end of the disease but unfortunately he came down with it and passed on within days. He had treated over 150 Ebola victims and was an acclaimed national hero in Sierra Leone and Liberia for his feat with the deadly disease.

The Sierra Leonean president, Ernest Bai Koroma was reported to have visited Dr. Umar Khan this past Monday at the center where he was being treated after he came down with the disease, and other top government officials also visited, saying the celebrated doctor was a national hero – before his death.

Dr. Khan had told Reuters sometime last month that “even with the full protective clothing you put on, you are at risk (of contracting the disease)…we are the first port of call for somebody who is sickened by disease.” A top Liberian health official had earlier died of Ebola last week and another Ugandan doctor also died as well, while two American volunteers passed away soon after contracting the virus.

Ebola is a deadly virus that kills within a week and there is currently no vaccines or definite treatment for it. It causes acute fever, diarrhea, vomiting, and extensive internal bleeding. Neighboring African countries are taking measures to prevent its spread to their countries and the attention of the international community has been drawn to its fatality.

EEE virus detected in mosquito of Massachusetts

The Department of Public Health officials of Massachusetts on Friday has stated that an Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEE) has been detected in mosquito basing on a sample collected in Bridgewater town. Although the risk level from the virus is moderate at present, but precautions are necessary to be taken to avoid further severe issues.

After a testing of mosquito samples, the presence of the EEE virus in the mosquito was detected by the Hinton State Laboratory Institute. The outcome of being infected by the EEE virus can be harsh as this may lead to a rare illness. Diseases that may be caused due to the bite of infected mosquito include severe ones like a sudden onset of headache, vomiting, chills and high fever. There are even risks of inflammation of the brain leading to disorientation, seizures and a possibility of coma.

Dr. Catherine Brown, DPH State Public Health Veterinarian says, “EEE is an annual occurrence in Massachusetts. These were mammal-biting mosquitoes, and the findings should remind residents of the area to cover up and apply insect repellent when outdoors.”

The disheartening news is that no particular vaccine or treatment is being invented to tackle the EEE virus. Hence, precaution is the only key to deal with this virus. However, chances are that an approximate of 33 percent EEE infected patients will die and those who survive will suffer from brain damage. So, this undoubtedly is a serious matter with the need for greater importance and precautions.

Other than Massachusetts, some other neighboring towns which too are under the moderate risk level are the towns Easton, Middleborough, Raynham and West Bridgewater. There was only one case of EEE infected last year in Massachusetts and fortunately, there are very few such cases in the US. The DPH is, however, reminding the public not to take it lightly and have requested all to protect themselves and their loved ones from the EEE virus.